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  • Writer's pictureJ&J Korea

What is a limited Company? Setting up a Ltd

Starting a limited or Ltd. company in Korea brings numerous benefits like limited liability protection and favorable tax policies. However, it demands a thorough grasp of legalities. In this guide, we'll assist you in setting up your company in Korea, ensuring you're equipped for the journey ahead.


Getting Ready for Ltd Company Registration


Preparing for Ltd. company registration in Korea is a crucial process that requires careful planning and attention to detail.

Here are some key steps to follow for a streamlined registration process.

Selecting an Appropriate Company Name:

Opt for a distinctive name that adheres to Korea's naming regulations while embodying your brand identity and being memorable to customers.


Appointing Company Directors and Shareholders:

Identify capable individuals for director and shareholder roles, considering their qualifications, experience, and responsibilities to ensure effective company operation.


Drafting the Company’s Articles of Incorporation:

Prepare this vital document outlining the company's purpose, structure, and operational specifics, ensuring compliance with Korean laws with legal guidance if necessary.


Determining the Company’s Registered Address:

Choose a suitable physical address meeting the Korean Commercial Registry's requirements for official correspondence and legal matters.


Obtaining Required Licenses and Permits:


Research and secure any industry-specific licenses or permits necessary for your business activities, ensuring full compliance with relevant regulations. This may include licenses for operating certain types of businesses or permits for handling specific products or services.


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Understanding Capitalization and Shareholding Structure for Your Limited Company in Korea


Capitalization and shareholding structure are pivotal elements that shape the financial foundation of your Ltd. company. Here's a breakdown of key considerations:

Minimum Capital Requirements:

Get acquainted with the minimum capital requirements mandated for limited companies in Korea. The specifications differ based on the business type and industry, thus it's crucial to comprehend and adhere to them to steer clear of legal complications.


Determining the Capital Structure:

Choose a capital structure that aligns with your business goals and satisfies the expectations of shareholders. Choosing the appropriate capital structure, whether through equity financing, debt financing, or a blend of both, is paramount for ensuring financial stability and facilitating growth.

Issuing Shares and Distribution among Shareholders:

Understand the procedure of issuing shares and distributing ownership among shareholders.

This involves allocating shares based on the initial investment, contributions, or other criteria agreed upon by the shareholders. Ensure compliance with legal requirements governing share issuance and distribution to maintain transparency and accountability.

Evaluating Tax Implications on Capitalization:

Evaluate the tax implications linked with your capitalization choices.

Seek guidance from tax professionals to optimize tax efficiency and minimize liabilities. Understanding how capitalization choices impact taxation can help you make informed decisions that benefit your company's financial health in the long run.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

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Registering the Company:


Submission of Documents:

Prepare and submit necessary documents, including articles of incorporation, to the Korean Commercial Registry.

Completion of Registration:

Follow registration procedures and pay the required fees to complete the registration process.

Unique Registration Number:

Upon successful registration, you'll receive a unique company registration number.

Taxation and Accounting Considerations:


Understanding Corporate Tax Obligations:

Familiarize yourself with Korea's corporate tax system, including rates, deadlines, and deductions.


Tax Registration:

Initiate the process of company tax registration to acquire a taxpayer identification number.

Accounting Services:

Secure the services of proficient accountants or reputable accounting firms to oversee financial documentation, tax submissions, and regulatory compliance.

Financial Record-Keeping:

Implement rigorous accounting methodologies to uphold precise financial records by Korean standards.

Employment and Labor Regulations:  

Adhere to proper protocols for recruiting personnel, including registration with the Employment and Labor Office and compliance with Labor statutes.

Compliance with Labor Laws:

Comprehend and adhere to regulations about labor, encompassing employment agreements, working hours, remuneration, and benefits.

Establishing Employment Agreements:

Formulate comprehensive employment agreements delineating terms, entitlements, and responsibilities for both parties involved.


Intellectual Property Protection:


Registration of Intellectual Property Assets:

Complete the registration process for trademarks, patents, and copyrights through pertinent Korean authorities to secure legal safeguarding.


Protection of Intellectual Property Rights:

Enact strategies to supervise and uphold intellectual property rights, addressing instances of infringement effectively.


Addressing Infringement Concerns:

Formulate tactics to resolve infringement matters, including the pursuit of legal recourse as warranted.


Ongoing Compliance and Reporting:


Financial Statements and Tax Returns:

Ensure the preparation and submission of precise financial statements and tax returns within specified deadlines.


Annual General Meetings:

Hold yearly general meetings for shareholders to assess performance and discuss pertinent issues.


Reporting Changes:

Inform pertinent authorities about any alterations in company structure, ownership, or key personnel.

Other Regulatory Compliance:

Stay updated on regulatory requirements relevant to your industry or business activities.

Opening a Business Bank Account:

Bank Selection:

Research and choose a reputable bank offering services tailored to business needs in Korea.


Prepare necessary documents, such as registration documents and identification proof, for account opening.

Understanding Banking Procedures:

Familiarize yourself with banking procedures, services, and associated fees.

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Business Support and Resources:

Professional Services:

Consider engaging legal, accounting, or other specialized services to support business operations.


Government Assistance:

Learn about government resources, grants, subsidies, and tax incentives accessible to bolster business endeavors.

Networking Possibilities:

Participate in sector-specific networks and associations to acquire knowledge, tap into valuable resources, and foster beneficial partnerships.


Let Us Help You Set Up a Limited Company in Korea


Setting up a limited company in Korea can be a daunting task, especially for newcomers who are unfamiliar with the regulations, paperwork, and permits involved. This challenge is compounded for foreigners navigating a new business landscape. That's where professionals like J&J come in.

At J&J, we understand the unique needs of foreign companies venturing into Korean markets. Our dedicated team is committed to providing comprehensive support, from initial setup to ongoing management tasks such as taxes, accounting, and payroll.

Contact us today to begin your journey toward establishing a successful presence in Korea.



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